The Town of Falmouth has a Town Manager/Board of Selectmen/Representative Town Meeting form of government. Town Meeting consists of 243 elected members elected in the Annual Town Election held the 3rd Tuesday in May and 2 at-large members. Each year, 9 members are elected in each of the town's 9 precincts for 3-year overlapping terms. At-large members consist of the Town Moderator and any of Town's State Representatives to the Massachusetts General Court who reside in Falmouth.
Town Meeting is convened twice annually, in the Spring and again in the Fall.